All over the world agricultural land is seen as a hedge against inflation, unstable capital markets and growing economic uncertainty. As in other parts of the world, the agricultural sector in Bulgaria has seen much investments over the last couple of years, as both yields and commodity prices follow an upward trend. World Bank report shows that a 40% rise in population leads to 70% rise in demand for agricultural produce. Bulgarian agricultural exports grew in value by over 34% in 2010. The largest share was taken by cereal production.
Agriculture makes up close to 5% of Bulgaria’s GDP. Land in Bulgaria is most commonly measured by the unit decare (daa), as 10 daa = 1 hectare.
Total agricultural land in Bulgaria: 56 million daa (5 600 000 hectares)

Bulgaria’s main field crops are wheat, corn, and barley. The main industrial crops are sugar beets, sunflowers, and tobacco. Tomatoes, cucumbers, and peppers are the most important vegetable exports. Production of apples and grapes, Bulgaria’s largest fruit products, has decreased since the communist era, but the export of wine has increased significantly. The most important types of livestock are cattle, sheep, poultry, pigs, and buffaloes, and the main dairy products are yogurt, cow and sheep cheese. Bulgaria is the world’s 13th largest sheep milk producer and is the 15th largest producer of tobacco and 13th largest producer of raspberries in Europe. Specialized equipment amounts to some 25,000 tractors and 5,500 combine harvesters, with a fleet of light aircraft.


Production of the most important crops (according to the FAO) in 2006 (in ‘000 tons) amounted to: wheat 3301.9; sunflower 1196.6; maize 1587.8; grapes 266.2; tobacco 42.0; tomatoes 213.0; barley 546.3; potatoes 386.1; peppers 156.7; cucumbers 61.5; cherries 18.2; watermelons 136.0; cabbage 72.7; apples 26.1; plums 18.0; strawberries 8.8.

2.Land under cultivation

The total land under cultivation is 3 200 000 million hectares, of which 1 800 000 million hectares, or 56.25%, are taken up by cereal production


The subsidies for 2012 are as follows: 22.40 BGN from the EU and 3 BGN from the Bulgarian budget, for a total of 25.40 BGN/per daa (130
EUR/hectare). At the beginning of 2014, the subsidy system will likely change to involve a floating payment schedule, which is set to favor agricultural holdings whose size is between 50 – 300 hectares. Most of the subsidies are taken up by the agricultural cereal producers, since subsidies
are distributed per hectare of planted land. Cereal production takes up to 56.25% of cultivated land.